Law enforcement is a broad term which encompasses any setup that is put in place to promote adherence to law – in an organized manner, by identifying and punishing people who violate the rules and norms of the society. Simply put, a law enforcement officer is a person who enforces the law of the land. Even though the term also entails the court system and correctional facilities for the role they play in the criminal justice system, it is more often used to refer to those government agencies which directly engage in patrolling and/or surveillance to detect and dissuade various criminal acts or investigate criminal cases and apprehend those who violate the law.
Each nation has its own law enforcement agencies, and every state or province of that nation may have a law enforcement agency of its own. Similarly, there can be more than one law enforcement agency within the nation or state which may be dealing with a specific type of crime such as economic offenses, drug related crimes, etc. The term ‘police’ refers to those individuals who work to enforce the law, protect life and property of the people and reduce civil disorder in the society. It is important to note that law enforcement is just a part of the broad concept of policing, and not the concept as a whole.
Law Enforcement in the United States of America
As in most nations of the world, even in the United States the term ‘law enforcement’ specifically refers to those agencies which detect, dissuade and investigate criminal acts, and apprehend the offenders. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the principal government investigation agency in the United States of America. It looks into matters concerning violation of Federal Law within the national territory. At the same time, it is also entitled the task of conducting national security investigations.
Other Federal agencies which can be included in the category of law enforcement agencies in the United States of America include the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) – which looks into the matters involving illegal drugs, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives – which investigates the violations of Federal firearms and explosives laws as well as alcohol and tobacco tax regulations. Other law enforcement agencies which come under the purview of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security are the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, etc. These agencies along with courts and prisons form the criminal justice system of the United States. Read more »
Those keen to study economics must have noticed economists using structural unemployment quite often, in reference to the discrepancy between the needs and requirements of the employers and the proficiencies of the personnel. Even though the number of job vacancies may be greater than the number of unemployed individuals, it is not possible for them to own the required skills for the jobs that are available for them. One good example of structural unemployment would be sports institutions. If they were to coach a huge number of basketball players than could get positions for playing, the likeliness of them to get jobs in other fields rises. However, while other fields call for their own set of rules and skills, many of them might not be able to get jobs at all. This makes up for an easy, all-inclusive structural unemployment example. But what is structural unemployment’s key cause? While there are a number of questions surrounding the term, let’s get acquainted with the causes of structural unemployment in the first place, and attempt to answer all the questions.
Causes of Structural Unemployment
Some degree of mismatch between the labor force anatomy, mainly in terms of specialization, location, skills, etc. and the demand of the labor is possible in many cases. Even though, many a time, labor may adjust to the requisites of the economy, US economy for instance, however, consuming a lot of time and energy. This is the phase when he is structurally unemployed.
There are a number of ways by which economic life, generically, and the labor market interact in their own structured manner, for example, by public institutions, with the help of a regulatory framework, and by real and actual usage. One of the prime causes of unemployment that is structured is a result of failure of labor market organizations in defining pay-scale bargaining methods and approaches. What’s more, the persistent change in requirements, resources, and technology within the market economies leads to increased number of jobs in a single sector, while reducing the same in the other. As a result, it is not always possible for workers to shift from where jobs are reducing to places where jobs are available in surplus. The ones structurally unemployed do not take up jobs for long, and hence, it becomes all the more difficult for them to be a part of secure employment. Read more »
Unemployment has a big influence on poverty in South Africa because there is a lot of people that do not work, or are just not trained for a certain job, or they just do not want to work, then there are the people that are trained but can’t find a job because of the unemployment rate in South Africa. That is why there is a lot poverty in South Africa because there are more than half of the citizens that do not work by not working or receiving a income the poverty in South Africa will keep increasing.
Drugs is one of the worst kind of poverty generators because people get hooked to a drug and then can’t stop using it, the person then obviously needs his fix after a while and then goes out and spend all his money on the drugs until the person has no money left and is in no state to work for anyone so the person can’t buy food, clothes or pay rent on his apartment. This problem is very common in allot of people’s lives because there are a lot of people using drugs and it don’t have to be drugs it can also be alcohol, that is why drugs can lead to poverty in South Africa and not only in South Africa but all countries have that problem.
Illegal immigrants is a big Problem In South Africa for the citizens because the Illegal immigrants don’t mind working for a minimal wage because there were they come from the had nothing and when they come to South Africa they don’t mind taking those low wage jobs because it is better to get some money then getting none. So the Illegal immigrants take all the jobs that the legal citizens don’t want to take because of the low wage and that is causing a lot of people to have no jobs, no money and that is why Illegal immigrants is such a big influence on poverty in South Africa.
Bad self image
A lot of people are poor because they have a bad self image about them self’s and that tend to give a person a negative viewpoint in life, on one self and achieving something. That I why people with a bad self image don’t have a job because they don’t have self esteem or motivation to do something to make a living and this also influence the poverty in South Africa. Read more »