What is a Unitary System?
There are no hard and fast rule or a strong definition that can be used to identify a unitary system. As a rule of the thumb, the unitary system can be defined as the system where a government establishes, state governments for administrative convenience and the constitution confers them with sufficient powers of administration and legislature.
In a unitary system based upon some common parameters, the central government divides the entire territory into different parts which are known as ‘states’ and ‘provinces’. This is done in order to provide for appropriate administration to the smaller regions. Administration, no doubt, is more efficient when the state government comes into being. The constitution or charter that brought the nation into existence also empowers the state with a legislative assembly, that has its own political spectrum. Some additional features of a unitary system include the following:
* States are not permitted to secede from the central government or union government.
* State cannot pass any legislation that is contradictory to public policy or the laws of the union or central government.
* In a debate about a particular policy of state, being eclipsed by the central government, the judicial system’s intervention shall prove to be final.
* Legislative assembly of state cannot do honor to the doctrine set by the union or central government.
* Laws made by legislative assembly of the state are restricted to the jurisdiction of the state.
* Laws made by legislation by the central government are applicable to all states.
Pros and Cons of Unitary System
Though the system of unitary states is done to simplify and implement effective policies, there are some drawbacks that are observed in this system. Some of them have been enlisted as follows.