What is Conflict Perspective?
Conflict perspective is essentially based on the Karl Marx’s thoughts on class struggle. According to his theory, the society is divided in two groups, namely haves and have nots, that is, rich and poor. The rich people are powerful because they control resources and poor people are powerless as they are at the receiving ends and have to live as per the whims and fancies of rich people. It is macro level perspective that emphasizes on competition between different groups for scarce resources, including prestige and wealth. The groups of people can be divided on the grounds of sex, race, and cultural, political and economical background. This is one of the social science theories which believe that conflict is mandatory and essential for the existence of the society.
The conflict is also very important in order to bring social changes and revolution, as it challenges the status quo. If there are no conflicts in the society then it will come to a stand still and wont grow and wont bring any change in the lives of human beings. This theory observes that different groups have different values and agendas and they are always competing with each other to achieve their goals and agendas. This argumentative nature of groups forms the ever changing nature of the society. In today’s world, the power is calculated in terms of money. The more rich you are the more power you have. It is the rich people who control the resources and they are the ones who steer public opinion for their benefit. According to this theory, societal norms that are considered essential to hold the society together are biased. They are actually imposed by dominant and powerful people through artificial consensus.