If you are beginning the study of political science, one of the most important concepts that you need to understand is that of a federal system. A study of political science is a study of the nature and distribution of power. A federal system is a democracy and one of the many models for sharing power, within a nation. I explore the fundamental philosophy behind a federal system in this article.
Political science has a long history, stretching from the earliest times, when humans began to form groups and tribes, which were the precursors of modern nationalist governments. It is impossible to take politics out of the equation when people live together in a community. For a society to sustain itself, it has to have a clear political structure, which can make the vital decisions for the community as a whole. When we decide to live in a community, we need to agree on matters that concern a community, as a whole.
That is, there has to be a clear definition of what is the distribution of power within an organization, a community, a state or a nation. There are different ways in which power could be distributed for a nation to maintain its sovereignty and achieve welfare goals for its citizens. The federal system is one of the many systems that could be adopted by countries.
Let me provide a federal system definition in the next section. Following the elucidation of the basic idea, we can evaluate the pros and cons of a federal system, when applied to a real world. Two of the most contrasting ideologies that differ fundamentally with respect to distribution of power and resources, are capitalism and communism. You must also explore these two ideologies in greater detail.
What is a Federal System of Government?
Federal system is a democratic power distribution model, that involves the division of power between a central government entity and local governments. The degree of division in power between center and states of a democratic nation may vary. Generally, the most vital powers that relate to security and stability of the whole nation are granted to the center, with states sharing subsidiary responsibility. This distribution of powers, rights and duties is decided by the constitution of a nation. The setting up of a federal system of government is based on the establishment of a constitution, which describes the power equation between center and states.