What is Social Perspective?
Academically, sociological perspective is apart of social sciences and it’s definition includes the study of social phenomena by sociologists at different levels and from different perspectives. The three main paradigms of sociological perspectives are symbolic interaction, functionalism and conflict theory. Functionalist sociological perspective analyzes the way various social organizations function. According to this theory, the society exists because of various social organization systems, such as schools, governments, law and order, etc., that have a particular structure. The smooth functioning of these institutions makes the society run. This theory also believes that society is also changing and so does the structure of social institutions that leads to social problems. So, this theory demands for changes and alterations in organizational structures so that the social problems are solved effectively.
As the name suggests, the conflict sociological perspective focuses on negative, conflicted and ever changing nature of society. This theory believes that social problems arise out of extreme contradictions in the society, such as unequal distribution of resources and unequal opportunities that cause the big gap between haves and have nots. This theory attributes most of the social problems to underlying patterns of class conflict. This perspective is primarily based on the wittings of great German social theorist Karl Marx.
The symbolic interaction sociological perspective studies the actual ways in which people relate to each other and to various social groups and organizations. According to this theory, people attach meanings to symbols and act to their subjective interpretation of the symbols. This theory is often criticized, as it focuses on micro things and neglects the larger picture.
These were some of the popular, dominant and well known sociological perspectives.